Federal Communications Commission
An Independent agency of the government of the United States is the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The agency works in the areas like broadband, public safety, spectrum, homeland security, competition and the media. The three commissioners of the Federal Communications Commission are appointed by the President of the United States. One commissioner is designated to serve as the chairperson by the President. An FCC television or radio station license authorizes the broadcasting of programs over electromagnetic spectrum at definite power in an area. The spectrum is divided for different makes use of at different frequencies like a portion is assigned to radio and TV broadcasting while another to cellular etc.
The Federal Communications Commission was established by the Communications Act of 1934. That year, the Federal Radio Commission was abolished and transferred licensing to Federal Communications Commission. The Headquarters of FCC is Washington D. C. FCC’s mission is to provide radio communication service and the net facility to all people at affordable cost without any discrimination of race or color. Radio station broadcasts are transmitted over frequencies like 30-300 kilohertz of low frequency to 300-3000 megahertz of ultra high frequency. TV station broadcasts are transmitted over frequencies like 30-3000 megahertz of low frequency to 300-3000 megahertz of ultra high frequency.
The broadcast licenses are issued and regulated by the FCC. It has the power to assign frequencies for each station and choose how each station makes use of the given power. The radio broadcast license of FCC cannot be used to broadcast TV programming. The two organized Bureaus of the Federal Communications Commission are namely the Consumer and Government Affairs (CGB), Enforcement Bureau (EB), International Bureau (IB), Media Bureau (MB), Wireless Telecommunications Services (WCS), Wireless Competition Bureau (WCB) and Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau. Each of these Bureaus has its own duties.